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The role of MRSA in healthcare-associated pneumonia.
Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2009;30(1):52-60
Date: 2009-04-07   Read: 176734

Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2009 Feb;30(1):52-60

The role of MRSA in healthcare-associated pneumonia.

Lam AP, Wunderink RG

An important continued trend in healthcare-associated infection, including healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP), is the rise of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The emergence of community-acquired strains of MRSA has complicated the management further. We review likely risk factors for MRSA HCAP, which include prior antibiotic therapy, nasal colonization, poor infection control practices, and antecedent viral infection. The multiple mechanisms of antibiotic resistance are also described, and virulence factors that may affect antibiotic choices are discussed. The limitations of vancomycin and evidence for superior outcomes with linezolid are reviewed. Alternatives for community-acquired strains and future options are mentioned.



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